|Having a positive countenance
in scripture means having a positive attitude even when
others are causing problems or being disagreeable. In the
case of this essay we are using the Hebrew version of
countenance which comes from
and means: “Plural (but always used as a singular) of an
unused noun (פּנה pâneh, paw-neh'; from 6437); the face (as
the part that turns); used in a great variety of
applications (literally and figuratively); also (with
prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.): - +
accept, a (be-) fore (-time), against, anger, X as (long
as), at, + battle, + because (of), + beseech, countenance,
edge, + employ, endure, + enquire, face, favour, fear of,
for, forefront (-part), form (-er time, -ward), from, front,
heaviness, X him (-self), + honourable, + impudent, + in,
it, look [-eth] (-s), X me, + meet, X more than, mouth, of,
off, (of) old (time), X on, open, + out of, over against,
the partial, person, + please, presence, prospect, was
purposed, by reason, of, + regard, right forth, + serve, X
shewbread, sight, state, straight, + street, X thee, X them
(-selves), through (+ -out), till, time (-s) past, (un-) to
(-ward), + upon, upside (+ down), with (-in, + stand), X ye,
יהוה lift up His face upon you, and give you peace, Num 6:26
Yahweh H3068 lift up H5375 his countenance H6440 upon H413
thee, and give H7760 thee peace. H7965
Countenance in this scripture refers to the face of the
person or Supreme Being in this instance, that Yahweh would
look upon us and give us peace. Our face and countenance are
considered the same thing, so that our state of being is
shown on our face. Our presence is the example of who we
are. In the Hebrew, the original meaning of this word has
the implication that many people are sad and show a sad face
when their “countenance” has changed. Such as the case of
Cain when his offering was not accepted, he became wroth
(angry) and his countenance fell.
Gen_4:5 But unto H413 Cain H7014
and to H413 his offering H4503 he had not respect.H8159
H3808 And Cain H7014 was very H3966 wroth,H2734 and his
countenance H6440 fell.H5307 This scripture indicates that
before his offering was not considered he had a happy face
and was in a pleasant mood but once his offering was no
longer accepted his attitude and therefore his face changed
when he became angry.
In the case with Jacob and Laban,
Jacob noticed that Laban’s countenance (H6440) was not as it
once was. Laban no longer looked on Jacob with favor and
changed his attitude or face toward him. Therefore Yahweh
told Jacob to leave and return to his land and country and
that Yahweh would be him
Gen 31:2 And Jacob H3290 beheld
H7200 (H853) the countenance H6440 of Laban,H3837 and,
behold,H2009 it was not H369 toward H5973 him as
Gen 31:3 And the LORD H3068 said
H559 unto H413 Jacob,H3290 Return H7725 unto H413 the land
H776 of thy fathers,H1 and to thy kindred;H4138 and I will
be H1961 with H5973 thee.
instance once again we see that attitude and countenance are
in the same category and meaning. When we change our
attitude of something or someone it shows on our face which
is then considered to be the countenance. Our face shows
what is in our hearts and minds.
Countenance also has another meaning which is H4758
From H7200; a view (the act of
seeing); also an appearance (the thing seen), whether (real)
a shape (especially if handsome, comeliness; often plural
the looks), or (mental) a vision: - X apparently,
appearance (-reth), X as soon as beautiful (-ly),
countenance, fair, favoured, form, goodly, to look (up) on
(to), look [-eth], pattern, to see, seem, sight, visage,
The meaning of this word is more
about the person’s appearance then their state of being
which the Hebrew word 6440 seems to indicate. Countenance in
this context means the view of that person or their
appearance. The first example of this word is in
Jdg_13:6 Then the woman H802 came
H935 and told H559 her husband,H376 saying,H559 A man H376
of Elohim H430 came H935 unto H413 me, and his countenance
H4758 was like the countenance H4758 of a Messenger. H4397
of Elohim,H430 very H3966 terrible:H3372 but I asked H7592
him not H3808 whence H335 H4480 H2088 he H1931 was, neither
H3808 told H5046 he me his name: H8034 In this passage this
verse is not about his face but his appearance, vision,
form, sight. It seems to refer to his entire being not just
what is on his face.
Another meaning for countenance
is Exo_23:3 Neither H3808 shalt thou countenance H1921 a
poor man H1800 in his cause.H7379 H1921 means
A primitive root; to swell up
(literally or figuratively, actively or passively); by
implication to favor or honour, be high or proud: -
countenance, crooked place, glorious, honour, put forth.”
In this passage we see that we are not to favor, honor,
swell up, a poor man in his cause. This is not a case about
the person’s face or appearance but giving honor and favor
to a poor man in his cause.
Another meaning of the word
Probably a primitive word; an eye
(literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the
eye of the landscape): - affliction, outward appearance, +
before, + think best, colour, conceit, + be content,
countenance, + displease, eye ([-brow], [-d], -sight), face,
+ favour, fountain, furrow [from the margin], X him, +
humble, knowledge, look, (+ well), X me, open (-ly), + (not)
please, presence, + regard, resemblance, sight, X thee, X
them, + think, X us, well, X you (-rselves).
Once again this indicates
appearance, but not just the facial expressions or form, but
it seems to indicate the beauty or ugliness of the person.
In this scripture verse it gives us a better understanding
of the context 1Sa 25:3
Now the name H8034 of the man H376 was Nabal;H5037 and the
name H8034 of his wife H802 Abigail:H26 and she was a woman
H802 of good H2896 understanding,H7922 and of a beautiful
H3303 countenance:H8389 but the man H376 was churlish H7186
and evil H7451 in his doings;H4611 and heH1931 was of the
house of Caleb.H3612
Abigail was a woman of good
understanding and of a beautiful countenance. She not only
kept a good facial expression but her entire being was
considered something of beauty. She carried and expressed
herself in a way that was desirable to others around her.
She had good understanding or in other words, it seemed she
had a sound mind, one that was turned to Yahweh in order to
go astray from her husband who was of evil doing and
Churlish means: H7186
From H7185; severe (in various
applications): - churlish, cruel, grievous, hard
([-hearted], thing), heavy, + impudent, obstinate,
prevailed, rough (-ly), sore, sorrowful, stiff ([-necked]),
stubborn, + in trouble.
Scriptures seems to indicate that even though she was most
likely surrounded by evil she still maintained a positive
countenance until the time for her to separate from evil was
Another example of the word
countenance is in Daniel when speaking to the King about
eating the food from the kings table, Daniel tells the king:
Dan 1:13 Then let our
countenances H4758 be looked upon H7200 before H6440 thee,
and the countenance H4758 of the children H3206 that eat
H398 (H853) of the portion of the king's meat:H6598 H4428
and as H834 thou seest,H7200 deal H6213 with H5973 thy
Dan 1:14 So he consented H8085 to
them in this H2088 matter,H1697 and proved H5254 them ten
Dan 1:15 And at the end H4480
H7117 of ten H6235 days H3117 their countenances H4758
appeared H7200 fairer H2896 and fatter H1277 in flesh H1320
than H4480 all H3605 the children H3206 which did eat H398
(H853) the portion of the king's meat.H6598 H4428
Hebrew word for countenance is this passage comes from H6440
which is referring to their facial expression and presence
as earlier noted. However, in the chapter we see the King
Belshazzar’s countenance changed Dan 5:9 ThenH116 was
kingH4430 BelshazzarH1113 greatlyH7690 troubled,H927 and his
countenanceH2122 was changedH8133 inH5922 him, and his great
men were astonied.H7672
The Hebrew word in the above
(Chaldee); corresponding to
H2099; (figuratively) cheerfulness: - brightness,
cheerfulness, brightness and countenance were changed in him
and everyone was astonished because of this. This is also
referring to his face and his cheerfulness which would be a
facial result of his character. H2122 corresponds to H2099
which the root meaning is to be prominent or brightness. In
the above passage the countenance (brightness or prominence)
of the King was changed to a great degree that his fellow
servants noticed it and were astonished. He was no longer
cheerful but of a sad state of being.
In summary of the above passages
we see that countenance is referring to the facial, physical
appearance, state of being, cheerfulness and prominence of a
person. Another meaning of countenance in Hebrew was giving
favor, honor and glory to a person, such as the case of not
giving countenance (favor, honor and glory) to a poor
we look at the Greek (New Testament) meaning of the word
countenance we will see if the meaning is the same. The
first example we have of the word countenance is in:
“MoreoverG1161 whenG3752 ye fast,G3522 beG1096 not,G3361
asG5618 theG3588 hypocrites,G5273 of a sad countenance:G4659
forG1063 they disfigureG853 theirG848 faces,G4383 thatG3704
they may appearG5316 unto menG444 to fast.G3522 VerilyG281 I
sayG3004 unto you,G5213 They haveG568 theirG848
The greek word for countenance is
From σκυθρός skuthros (sullen)
and a derivative of G3700; angry visaged, that is, gloomy or
affecting a mournful appearance: - of a sad countenance.
We see that just like it is in
Hebrew the meaning for countenance is referring to the
facial attitude of the person. When fasting we are not to
have a sad facial expression or appearance.
Mat 28:3 (G1161) HisG846
countenanceG2397 wasG2258 likeG5613 lightning,G796 andG2532
hisG846 raimentG1742 whiteG3022 asG5616 snow:G5510
From G1492; a sight (compare
figuratively “idea”), that is, aspect: - countenance. G1492
A primary verb; used only in
certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the
equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or
figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know:
- be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have)
known (-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell,
understand, wist, wot. Compare G3700.
Luk 9:29 AndG2532 as(G1096)
heG846 prayed,G4336 theG3588 fashionG1491 of hisG846
countenanceG4383 was altered,G2087 andG2532 hisG846
raimentG2441 was whiteG3022 and glistering.G1823
From G4314 and ὤψ ōps (the
visage; from G3700); the front (as being towards view), that
is, the countenance, aspect, appearance, surface; by
implication presence, person: - (outward) appearance, X
before, countenance, face, fashion, (men’s) person,
Rev 1:16 AndG2532 he hadG2192
inG1722 hisG848 rightG1188 handG5495 sevenG2033 stars:G792
andG2532 out ofG1537 hisG848 mouthG4750 wentG1607 a
sharpG3691 twoedgedG1366 sword:G4501 andG2532 hisG848
countenanceG3799 was asG5613 theG3588 sunG2246 shinethG5316
inG1722 hisG848 strength.G1411
From G3700; properly sight (the
act), that is, (by implication) the visage, an external
show: - appearance, countenance, face.
From what we can ascertain that
in Greek just as in the Hebrew the word for countenance is
referring to our entire being. If we are filled with inward
anger not only is our body a reflection of this but in most
cases our face will express this attitude. We will reflect
what is in our hearts and minds in our outward appearance
and attitude. From all scriptures references and indications
our countenance changes when our brightness and cheerfulness
leave our bodies. We then in most cases take on a sad or
mournful appearance. If we are in Yahweh’s spirit we will
exude an attitude of cheerfulness and beauty in our lives
and our walk.
understanding it seems that we should attain to be like
Abigail who kept a sound mind and beautiful countenance
(face, body, appearance, presence) even though she was
surrounded by people and a husband who had an evil
countenance. The question for me becomes how did Abigail
maintain that countenance without falling into temptation
and spirit that her husband had? Is the statement when their
countenance has fallen refer to the time that the spirit of
Yahweh leaves us? Do we maintain a spirit of brightness,
cheerfulness, and beauty when the spirit of Yahweh is
embedded in our spirit but leave us when His spirit departs
in the case of Daniel that it seems this was one time that
it might not have been a spiritual countenance but a
physical countenance. Daniel and his friends were testing
the physical food that the king served and chose not to eat
food that was rich. At the end of the trial period the
facial expressions of Daniel and his friends were fairer and
fatter than those who ate of the kings food. This shows that
relying on Yahweh had greater rewards than eating from the
kings table. Once again it seems that the Spirit of Yahweh
has shown through and provided a greater example, similar to
the case with Nabal and Abigail. Our countenance (facial
expression, attitude, character, and most important SPIRIT)
needs to be one of beauty and cheerfulness even in the face
My understanding on the word
countenance is a reference to the Spirit within us. If the
Spirit within us is of a positive nature it will be
reflected on our faces and in our behavior with those around
us. If the spirit within us is troubled or of an evil nature
then we will have strife, sadness, anger which will be
reflected in our outward appearance. Therefore the passage
that refers to our countenance when we are fasting would
indicate that if we are struggling with fasting and relying
on Yahweh we will have a sad countenance which will be a
stumbling block to someone in the faith as well as to a
newcomer to our beliefs. However, if we keep our spirit in
check and maintain a positive outlook then others who are
new will notice the Spirit of peace, beauty and cheerfulness
When we are faced with doing
things we don’t want to do it is a test of our Spiritual
nature. We are either at peace or troubled. If the problem
is a significant one our facial expression will be noticed
to the people around us much like it was with the king who
great messengers were astonished at his countenance. We must
pray and abide in the Father’s spirit in order not to have
our whole being come into subjection to evil.
dictionary countenance means the following:
IPA noun, verb, coun·te·nanced, coun·te·nanc·ing.
appearance, especially the look or expression of the face: a sad countenance.
2. the face; visage.
calm facial expression; composure.
approval or favor; encouragement; moral support.
5. Obsolete . bearing; behavior.
Countenance is considered a noun
which is a person, place or thing. It makes up who the
person is and is not a behavior but in most cases is related
solely to the face. If we are calm, our attitude will
reflect that and our whole being will follow suit. In most
cases when someone uses the word countenance it means that
they have a sad face, facial expression or body language. We
need to make sure that our appearance is a reflection of
calm and peace.
May our inward spirit be a
reflection to the outside world of a calm, peaceful
This subject is often one brought
up time and time again how my obedience is one that is
failing. As learning from the subject of countenance above I
see that my Spirit within me is what is causing my
countenance and obedience to fail. If I don’t heed to
Yahweh’s Spirit then my countenance and obedience is
affected. If my countenance or lack of listening to the
Spirit is full of anger, evil, and churlish dealings then my
obedience to those in authority will also fail.
first instance of the word obedience is found in
Rom_1:5 By G1223 whom G3739 we
have received G2983 grace G5485 and G2532 apostleship,G651
for G1519 obedience G5218 to the faith G4102 among G1722 all
G3956 nations,G1484 for G5228 his G848 name:G3686
Obedience in this verse comes from
From G5219; attentive hearkening,
that is, (by implication) compliance or submission: -
obedience, (make) obedient, obey (-ing).
We learn that we must have
attentive hearkening, compliance or submission. In the above
scripture verse we must really listen and submit to the
faith among all nations for His name. We must submit and
obey to what we are being told to do.
ForG1063 asG5618 byG1223 oneG1520 man'sG444
disobedienceG3876 manyG4183 were madeG2525 sinners,G268
soG3779 (G2532) byG1223 theG3588 obedienceG5218 of oneG1520
shall manyG4183 be madeG2525 righteous.G1342
Disobedience is the above passage comes from G3876
From G3878; inattention, that is,
(by implication) disobedience: - disobedience.
Therefore in applying the
meanings of obedience and disobedience to the above
scripture it should read like this: “For as by one man’s
inattention many were made sinners, so by the attentive
hearkening of one shall many be made righteous.” This to me
is saying that if one person obeys the word of Yahweh and
hearkens to his voice many are made righteous but if one man
does not hearken to Yahweh’s voice then many were made
sinners. The disobedience (inattention) of one can bring
down a whole group of people.
In 1 Corinthians 14:34 we see a
different definition of the word obedience:
14:34 Let yourG5216 womenG1135 keep silenceG4601 inG1722
theG3588 churches:G1577 forG1063 it is notG3756
permittedG2010 unto themG846 to speak;G2980 butG235 they are
commanded to be under obedience,G5293 asG2531 alsoG2532
saithG3004 theG3588 law.G3551
From G5259 and G5021; to
subordinate; reflexively to obey: - be under obedience
(obedient), put under, subdue unto, (be, make) subject (to,
unto), be (put) in subjection (to, under), submit self unto.
In the above scripture verse we
have the understanding from the word obedience in this
context that women are to reflexively obey in accordance to
the law. Now this verse is referencing to women in the
assembly not in to the relationship of husband and wife
according to the meaning of this verse. However, what is the
meaning of the word obedience in relation to a husband and
wife? We read that in Ephesians 5:22 we see the same Greek
word G5293 as above that we are to reflexively obey our
5:22 Wives,G1135 submit yourselvesG5293 unto your ownG2398
husbands,G435 asG5613 unto theG3588 Master.G2962
scripture means that we are to automatically obey our
husbands without question or delay. We are to attentively
hearken to his voice and what he says or do. Such as the
example from the above passage that to disobey brings about
many sinners from one person so does hearkening to your
husband brings about righteousness to many.
ask what do we do if our husbands are telling us to do
something that is wrong or against our beliefs? Do we still
hearken or obey? If we use the example of a king or person
in authority who asks or tells us to do something that is
wrong or against the bible do we obey them? In the situation
of a husband and wife it seems that we are to be of one
spirit and if the Spirit is of Yahweh then obeying those in
authority is what we are to do. If we are being asked or
told to do something that is biblically wrong then it will
be up to Yahweh to correct the person in authority. The
problem with obeying stems from our personal desires to
obey, such as when we are asked to do something we just
don’t want to do and we disobey. This is when we are
standing in the path of unrighteousness and called a sinner.
If we decide not to do something because of our attitude and
feelings about the subject then we are in the wrong. Women
are to be attentive to the word of Yahweh and obey his
authority including those He has put in power. It does not
matter if we agree or not with the decisions being made for
Yahweh will judge those who are wrong. This is where the
scripture verse applies that due to our obedience a husband
may be won to the faith due to the conversation of the wife.
1Pe 3:1 Likewise,G3668 ye wives,G1135 be in subjectionG5293
to your ownG2398 husbands;G435 that,G2443 if anyG1536 obey
notG544 theG3588 word,G3056 they alsoG2532 may withoutG427
the wordG3056 be wonG2770 byG1223 theG3588 conversationG391
of theG3588 wives;G1135
Obey not in this verse comes from
From G545; to disbelieve
(wilfully and perversely): - not believe, disobedient, obey
This means that is a husband
wilfully and perversely disbelieves the word of Yahweh but
by our conversation he might be won to believe and hearken
unto Elohim. The first example we see of the word “obey” is
in Gen 27:8 NowH6258 therefore, my son,H1121 obeyH8085 my
voiceH6963 according to that whichH834 IH589 commandH6680
Obey is H8085 which means H8085
A primitive root; to hear
intelligently (often with implication of attention,
obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.): - X
attentively, call (gather) together, X carefully, X
certainly, consent, consider, be content, declare, X
diligently, discern, give ear, (cause to, let, make to) hear
(-ken, tell), X indeed, listen, make (a) noise, (be)
obedient, obey, perceive, (make a) proclaim (-ation),
publish, regard, report, shew (forth), (make a) sound, X
surely, tell, understand, whosoever [heareth], witness.
It is interesting to note that
the first definition of the word obey is to hear
intelligently. We understand that the word obedience means
to hearken but we see that the root word of obedience means
to be attentive. It falls into line that putting the whole
word together in context would be to reflexively hearken to
intelligent hearings. What that means is that we
automatically listen for intelligent (sound) teachings. When
we disregard and are inattentive to what we are being told
then we are listening to ranting’s of a fool more or less.
This would explain why many become sinners by being
disobedient because the words from someone who is does not
hearken does not make sense.
Exo 23:21 “Be on guard before Him
and obey His voice. Do not rebel against Him, for He is not
going to pardon your transgression, for My Name is in Him.
Another meaning to the word obey is to discern, do we
discern what people are telling us when we are disobedient
or just following our feelings and emotions? This would also
explain why when the Scriptures tell us not to eat of a
certain food that if we disobey that we end up suffering the
consequences since we did not discern our feelings and
emotions at that time. In a way it seems that someone who
obeys is not what I used to think; that they just do what
someone tells them to do but in the scriptural sense of the
word they are obeying intelligent teachings. We have been
conditioned to believe that if we obey those in authority
including our husbands that we are just blind sheep doing
what we are told and not attentively listening for
intelligent (sound) teachings.
Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves servants
for obedience, you are servants of the one whom you obey,
whether of sin to death, or of obedience to righteousness?
However, another argument stands in place. What about the
“disobedience” of Abigail to her husband Nabal. We read that
Nabal was of evil character and dealings yet Abigail had an
attitude of beauty who in some people’s eyes might be
considered to go behind her husbands back and speak evil of
her husband and not obey his authority to David. It seems
that the Spirit within her was hearing the intelligent
teachings and hearkening to what Yahweh would have her do.
For whatever reason those is Nabal’s army and employ were
spared the annihilation that David had planned to do to
Pro 19:16 He who guards the
command guards his life, He who despises His ways dies1.
Footnote: This is an unchanging and central message
throughout Scripture: Obedience to His commands (His voice)
leads to life – disobedience leads to death!
Obedience also brings into play the meaning of compliance
and submission. When we are compliant we will do what we are
told without issue as well as the issue of submission is
along the same lines. However, if we refer back to the
meaning of obedience we are attentively listening to
intelligent teachings and therefore are compliant and
submissive to what we are being told to do. It applies along
the same lines as the rules that Yahweh gives us. If we
resist because we don’t like the restrictions we are
ignoring the reasoning behind what He is telling us to do.
If we listen and are compliant and submissive to His
teachings and laws sometimes it might be what saves our
lives and gives us eternal life. In referencing back to the
issue of clean eating, if we obey what He tells us in
consuming clean food it will keep our bodies healthy and in
good working order that we may be able to accomplish our
daily tasks without pain or suffering, but if we choose to
eat what we want because we think we know better or think it
tastes good then we suffer the consequences of what we are
thinking and doing.
Another meaning of the word
obedience is to be content. We are to be content in what we
are told to do. How do we go about being content in what we
are told to do if we feel that those in authority over us
are wrong? Being content is a state of emotion which will
come into place if we are attentively hearkening to proper
teaching and doctrine or more correctly intelligent
teaching. There is a big difference in intelligent teachings
and those who are to gain from their own power. We are not
to obey those who are teaching for their own gain and power
which our Spirit which is in tune to Yahweh would show us.
This is where the discernment for obedience would come.
Exo 24:7 And he took the Book of the Covenant and read in
the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that יהוה has
spoken we shall do, and obey.”
Those who heard these teachings
discerned that what was being told of them to do was correct
and they agreed to obey to His teachings and laws. If we are
of Yahweh’s spirit and attentive to what He is telling us to
do we will agree and do so even if it causes us some
discomfort or pain. Keeping the Saturday Sabbath and the
Feast Days as well as kosher eating are things that go
against our desire and will but being obedient to the
commands will give us blessings and not curses. If we go
against what we are told we are told that we will suffer the
consequences of not listening and doing our own will; such
as our health may suffer or we may not have enough money to
pay our bills, we may not have enough food to eat or even
our future generations may suffer the consequences of not
Exo 15:26 And He said, “If you
diligently obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim and do what is
right in His eyes, and shall listen to His commands and
shall guard all His laws, I shall bring on you none of the
diseases I brought on the Mitsrites, for I am יהוה who heals
Exo 19:5 ‘And now, if you
diligently obey My voice, and shall guard My covenant, then
you shall be My treasured possession above all the peoples –
for all the earth is Mine –
Exo 23:22 “But if you diligently
obey His voice and shall do all that I speak, then I shall
be an enemy to your enemies and a distresser to those who
Lev 26:18 ‘And after all this, if
you do not obey Me, then I shall punish you seven times more
for your sins.
Deu 8:20 “Like the nations which
יהוה is destroying before you, so you are to perish, because
you did not obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim.
12:28 “Guard, and obey all these words which I command you,
that it might be well with you and your children after you
forever, when you do what is good and right in the eyes of
יהוה your Elohim.
1 Sa 12:15 “But if you do not
obey the voice of יהוה, and shall rebel against the command
of יהוה, then the hand of יהוה shall be against you, as it
was against your fathers.
From the many scripture
verses above we see that there are severe consequences if we
do not obey Yahweh’s rules and laws. Our children and future
grandchildren will suffer hardship and curses for disobeying
the words of Yahweh. Just as it was with Adam who sinned all
generations after them are still bearing the results of that
sin. We are enduring much pain and suffering and hatred from
those who feel that we have unjustifiably taken their land,
all due to the sin that was done by our forefather who
disobeyed and hearkened to another voice.
obey in all of the above passages comes from the Hebrew word
H8085 shama which means: A
primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with
implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to
tell, etc.): - X attentively, call (gather) together, X
carefully, X certainly, consent, consider, be content,
declare, X diligently, discern, give ear, (cause to, let,
make to) hear (-ken, tell), X indeed, listen, make (a)
noise, (be) obedient, obey, perceive, (make a) proclaim
(-ation), publish, regard, report, shew (forth), (make a)
sound, X surely, tell, understand, whosoever [heareth],
We read that if we don’t hear
intelligently and follow the commands that Yahweh gave us
from the beginning that we will either suffer death, pain or
suffering for generations to come. It is a reassurance to
know that if we hear and obey what the Father tells us to do
that He will become an enemy to our enemies and a distresser
to those who distress us. Exo 23:22 “But if you diligently
obey His voice and shall do all that I speak, then I shall
be an enemy to your enemies and a distresser to those who
distress you. Elohim will become our adversary in times of
The definition of obedience is:
[oh-bee-dee-uhns] Show IPA
1. The state of quality of being
2. The act or practice of
obeying; dutiful or submissive compliance: Military service
demands obedience from its members.
3. A sphere of authority or
4. Chiefly Ecclesiastical
a. conformity to a monastic rule
or the authority of a religious superior, especially on the
part of one who has vowed such conformance.
b. the rule or authority that
exacts such conformance
From the definition above we see
that even in the English definition of this word it means
that we conform to those in charge of us. The word obedience
is also considered a noun which means that it is a person,
place or thing. For example it is a state of being much like
the word countenance. It defines who we are and the
consequences that come if we are not in subjection to
Yahweh has allowed certain
jurisdictions i.e., police officers, judges, presidents, and
in some cases doctors, employers and anyone else who has the
authority to decide your future for you. The most supreme
form of authority though is the Heavenly Father who has the
power to take away or give you life if you so choose to
accept it. When Adam disobeyed and ate of the tree he was
told not to partake of, he hearkened to a voice that was not
of the Spirit and ended up losing the ability for eternal
life. He ended up receiving the outcome of death which was
not possible before.
Gen 3:17 And to the man He said,
“Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and
have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, saying, ‘Do
not eat of it’: “Cursed is the ground because of you, in
toil you are to eat of it all the days of your life,
and the ground shall bring forth thorns and thistles for
you, and you shall eat the plants of the field.
“By the sweat of your face you are to eat bread until you
return to the ground, for out of it you were taken. For dust
you are, and to dust you return.”
And the man called his wife’s name Ḥawwah, because she
became the mother of all living.
Adam and Eve listened to the voice of the serpent who
questioned what Elohim had told them would happen if they
ate of the tree they were told not to, they suffered the
consequence of disobedience and were removed from the Garden
of Eden to live a life of pain and suffering.
11:38 ‘And it shall be, if you obey all that I command you,
and shall walk in My ways, and do what is right in My eyes,
to guard My laws and My commands, as My servant Dawiḏ did,
then I shall be with you and build for you a steadfast
house, as I built for Dawiḏ, and shall give Yisra’ĕl to
We see many examples of the
rewards we receive if we obey the commandments of Yahweh and
guard to do them. If we do not compromise and stray from
what He told us to do then we will be given the opportunity
of eternal life in the Kingdom and being a ruler of the
Deu 13:4 “Walk after יהוה your
Elohim and fear Him, and guard His commands and obey His
voice, and serve Him and cling to Him.
“And all these blessings shall come upon you and overtake
you, if you obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim
Joh 3:36 “He who believes in the
Son possesses everlasting life, but he who does not obey the
Son shall not see life, but the wrath of Elohim remains on
The verse below reminds us that
if you have the Spirit of Yahweh that wisdom will first be
clean, then the rest that follows would be the fruits of the
Spirit. If we are hearing intelligent teachings then our
whole body will follow in the paths and seek to obey and
receive the blessings that come from obeying.
Jas 3:17 But the wisdom from
above is first clean, then peaceable, gentle, ready to obey,
filled with compassion and good fruits, without partiality
and without hypocrisy.
The word obey in the James
3:17 is the Greek word G2138
From G2095 and G3982; good for
persuasion, that is, (intransitively) compliant: - easy to
A primary verb; to convince (by
argument, true or false); by analogy to pacify or conciliate
(by other fair means); reflexively or passively to assent
(to evidence or authority), to rely (by inward certainty): -
agree, assure, believe, have confidence, be (wax) content,
make friend, obey, persuade, trust, yield.
Once again as in the Hebrew we
see that if we have wisdom from above that we will
reflexively listen and obey to what we are told to do. We
will be convinced to obey what is good and right from the
Father. The important factor in this situation is having the
Spirit of obedience that will make us do what we are told to
do or receive the consequences of our disobedience.
Rom 16:19 Your obedience, indeed,
is reported to all. Therefore I rejoice concerning you, but
I wish you to be wise indeed as to the good, and simple
toward the evil.
Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves servants
for obedience, you are servants of the one whom you obey,
whether of sin to death, or of obedience to righteousness?
1Pe 1:1 Kĕpha, an emissary of יהושע Messiah, to the chosen,
strangers of the dispersion in Pontos, Galatia, Kappadokia,
Asia, and Bithunia, 1Pe 1:2 chosen according to the
foreknowledge of Elohim the Father, set apart by the Spirit
unto obedience1 and sprinkling of the blood of יהושע
Messiah: Favour and peace be increased to you. Footnote:
1Obedience is also stressed in vv. 14 & 22.
We see that Peter had a set apart
Spirit that hearkened to obedience and was chosen to lead
and be an example to others.
So also the Messiah did not extol Himself to become High
Priest, but it was He who said to Him, “You are My Son,
today I have brought You forth.”1 Footnote: 1See 1:5, Ps.
Heb 5:6 As He also says in
another place, “You are a priest forever according to the
order of Malkitseḏeq,”1 Footnote: 1Ps. 110:4.
who, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up
prayers and petitions with strong crying and tears to Him
who was able to save Him from death, and was heard because
of His reverent fear,
Heb 5:8 though being a Son, He
learned obedience by what He suffered.
though Yahshua did not sin or have sin in His life obedience
was learned by what He suffered on our behalf. He did not
ignore the calling that put upon His life or disobey that
death and torture that He knew would be coming upon Him.
Yahshua chose to obey what He was sent here to accomplish
and do not turn aside and in return will receive the
blessings that come from His obedience.
Deu 28:1 “And it shall be, if you
diligently obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim, to guard to
do all His commands which I command you today, that יהוה
your Elohim shall set you high above all nations of the
Deu 28:2 “And all these blessings
shall come upon you and overtake you, if you obey the voice
of יהוה your Elohim:
Deu 28:3 “Blessed are you in the
city, and blessed are you in the field.
“Blessed is the fruit of your body, and the fruit of your
ground and the fruit of your livestock – the increase of
your cattle and the offspring of your flocks.
“Blessed is your basket and your kneading bowl.
“Blessed are you when you come in, and blessed are you when
you go out.
Deu 28:7 “יהוה causes your
enemies who rise against you to be smitten before your face
– they come out against you one way and flee before you
Deu 28:8 “יהוה commands the
blessing on you in your storehouses and in all to which you
set your hand, and shall bless you in the land which יהוה
your Elohim is giving you.
Deu 28:9 “יהוה does establish you
as a set-apart people to Himself, as He has sworn to you, if
you guard the commands of יהוה your Elohim and walk in His
Deu 28:10 “And all peoples of the
earth shall see that the Name of יהוה is called upon you,
and they shall be afraid of you.
28:11 “And יהוה shall make you to have plenty of what is
good, in the fruit of your body, in the fruit of your
livestock, and in the fruit of your ground, in the land of
which יהוה swore to your fathers to give you.
28:12 “יהוה opens to you His good treasure, the heavens, to
give the rain to your land in its season, and to bless all
the work of your hand. And you shall lend to many nations,
but you do not borrow.
Deu 28:13 “And יהוה shall make
you the head and not the tail. And you shall be only on top,
and not be beneath, if you obey the commands of יהוה your
Elohim, which I command you today, to guard and do.
28:14 “And do not turn aside from any of the Words which I
am commanding you today, right or left, to go after other
mighty ones to serve them.
Deu 28:15 “And it shall be, if
you do not obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim, to guard to
do all His commands and His laws which I command you today,
that all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you:
Deu 28:16 “Cursed are you in the city, and cursed are you in
Deu 28:17 “Cursed is your basket
and your kneading bowl.
Deu 28:18 “Cursed is the fruit of
your body and the fruit of your land, the increase of your
cattle and the offspring of your flocks.
28:19 “Cursed are you when you come in, and cursed are you
when you go out.
Deu 28:20 “יהוה sends on you the
curse, the confusion, and the rebuke in all that you set
your hand to do, until you are destroyed and until you
perish quickly, because of the evil of your doings by which
you have forsaken Me.
Deu 28:21 “יהוה makes the plague
cling to you until He has consumed you from the land which
you are going to possess.
Deu 28:22 “יהוה smites you with
wasting disease, and with inflammation, and with burning,
and with extreme heat, and with the sword, and with blight,
and with mildew. And they shall pursue you until you perish.
Deu 28:23 “And your heavens which are over your head shall
be bronze, and the earth which is under you iron.
28:24 “יהוה makes the rain of your land powder and dust;
from the heavens it comes down on you until you are
Deu 28:25 “יהוה causes you to be
defeated before your enemies – you go out one way against
them and flee seven ways before them. And you shall become a
horror to all the reigns of the earth.
28:26 “And your carcasses shall be food for all the birds of
the heavens and the beasts of the earth, with no one to
frighten them away.
Deu 28:27 “יהוה shall smite you
with the boils of Mitsrayim, with tumours, with the scab,
and with the itch, from which you are unable to be healed.
Deu 28:28 “יהוה shall smite you with madness and blindness
and bewilderment of heart.
Deu 28:29 “And you shall be
groping at noon, as a blind man gropes in darkness, and not
prosper in your ways. And you shall be only oppressed and
plundered all the days, with no one to save you.
28:30 “You become engaged to a wife, but another man does
lie with her. You build a house, but do not dwell in it. You
plant a vineyard, but do not use its fruit.
28:31 “Your ox is slaughtered before your eyes, but you do
not eat of it. Your donkey is violently taken from before
you, and it is not given back to you. Your sheep are given
to your enemies, with no one to save them.
28:32 “Your sons and your daughters are given to another
people, and your eyes look and fail for them all day long,
and your hand powerless.
Deu 28:33 “A people whom you have
not known eat the fruit of your land and all your labours.
And you shall be only oppressed and crushed all the days.
Deu 28:34 “And you shall be maddened because of the sight
which your eyes see.
Deu 28:35 “יהוה smites you in the
knees and on the legs with evil boils of which you are
unable to be healed, and from the sole of your foot to the
top of your head.
Deu 28:36 “יהוה brings you and
the sovereign whom you set over you to a nation which
neither you nor your fathers have known, and there you shall
serve other mighty ones, wood and stone.
28:37 “Thus you shall become an astonishment, a proverb, and
a mockery among all the peoples to which יהוה drives you.
Deu 28:38 “You take much seed out into the field but gather
little in, for the locust consumes it.
28:39 “You plant vineyards, and shall labour, but you
neither drink of the wine nor gather, for the worm eats it.
Deu 28:40 “You have olive trees in all your border, but do
not anoint with oil, for your olives drop off.
28:41 “You bring forth sons and daughters, but they are not
with you, for they go into captivity.
28:42 “Locusts possess all your trees and the fruit of your
Deu 28:43 “The sojourner who is
among you rises higher and higher above you, but you come
down lower and lower.
Deu 28:44 “He lends to you, but
you do not lend to him. He is the head, and you are the
Deu 28:45 “And all these curses
shall come upon you, and they shall pursue and overtake you,
until you are destroyed, because you did not obey the voice
of יהוה your Elohim, to guard His commands and His laws
which He commanded you.
Deu 28:46 “And they shall be upon
you for a sign and for a wonder, and on your seed, forever.
Deu 28:47 “Because you did not serve יהוה your Elohim with
joy and gladness of heart for all the plenty,
28:48 you shall serve your enemies whom יהוה sends against
you, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in need
of all. And he shall put a yoke of iron on your neck until
he has destroyed you.
Deu 28:49 “יהוה brings a nation
against you from afar, from the end of the earth, as swift
as the eagle flies, a nation whose language you shall not
Deu 28:50 a fierce-looking
nation, which shows no regard for the elderly nor show
favour to the young,
Deu 28:51 and they shall eat the
fruit of your livestock and the fruit of your land, until
you are destroyed. They leave you no grain, nor new wine,
nor oil, nor the increase of your cattle or the offspring of
your flocks, until they have destroyed you.
28:52 “And they shall besiege you at all your gates till
your high and fenced walls, in which you are trusting, come
down in all your land. And they shall besiege you at all
your gates in all your land which יהוה your Elohim has given
Deu 28:53 “And you shall eat the
fruit of your own body, the flesh of your sons and your
daughters whom יהוה your Elohim has given you, in the siege
and distress in which your enemies distress you.
28:54 “The man among you who is tender, and who is very
delicate, his eye is evil against his brother, against the
wife of his bosom, and against the rest of his children whom
he leaves behind,
Deu 28:55 against giving any of
them the flesh of his children that he eats, because it is
all that has been left to him in the siege and distress with
which your enemy distresses you in all your gates.
28:56 “The tender and the delicate woman among you, who have
not tried to set the sole of her foot on the ground because
of her delicateness and tenderness, her eye is evil against
the husband of her bosom, and against her son, and against
Deu 28:57 and against her seed
which comes out from between her feet, and her children whom
she bears, for she eats them in secret for lack of all, in
the siege and distress with which your enemy distresses you
in all your gates.
Deu 28:58 “If you do not guard to
do all the Words of this Torah that are written in this
book, to fear this esteemed and awesome Name, יהוה your
Deu 28:59 then יהוה shall bring
upon you and your descendants extraordinary plagues, great
and lasting plagues, and grievous and lasting sicknesses.
Deu 28:60 “And He shall bring back on you all the diseases
of Mitsrayim, of which you were afraid, and they shall cling
Deu 28:61 also every sickness and
every plague, which is not written in the book of this
Torah, יהוה does bring upon you until you are destroyed.
Deu 28:62 “And you shall be left with few men, although you
had become as numerous as the stars of the heavens, because
you did not obey the voice of יהוה your Elohim.
28:63 “And it shall be, that as יהוה rejoiced over you to do
you good and increase you, so יהוה does rejoice over you to
destroy you and lay you waste. And you shall be plucked from
off the land which you go to possess.
28:64 “And יהוה shall scatter you among all peoples, from
one end of the earth to the other, and there you shall serve
other mighty ones, which neither you nor your fathers have
known, wood and stone.
Deu 28:65 “And among those
nations you are to find no rest, nor have a resting place
for the sole of your foot. But there יהוה shall give you a
trembling heart, and failing eyes, and sorrow of being.
Deu 28:66 “And your life shall be hanging in suspense before
you, and you shall fear day and night, and not be certain of
Deu 28:67 “In the morning you
say, ‘Oh, that it were evening!’ And at evening you say,
‘Oh, that it were morning!’ because of the fear of your
heart, with which you fear, and because of the sight which
your eyes see.
Deu 28:68 “And יהוה shall bring
you back to Mitsrayim in ships, by a way of which I said to
you, ‘You are never to see it again.’ And there you shall be
sold to your enemies as male and female slaves, but no one
As I’ve learned from the previous
scripture verses and original word meanings that our
countenance and obedience stems from our spiritual state. If
our spiritual life is not in the place that it is supposed
to be we will not hearken and obey what the Father is
telling us to do and our presence facial and physical will
be a reflection of that state. We need to have the Spirit of
peace which will cause us to obey and be in a peaceful frame
The previous book of Deuteronomy
tells us what we can expect from our state of obedience and
what will happen to us if we obey. We will either have
eternal life from obeying the words and commands of the
Father or we will be cursed and wiped from off the face of
the earth. The choice is ours to choose.
Written by: Luann Avalos